The Heavy Formation brings the Backside Tackle over to the formation side, and puts the Backside Receiver where the Backside Tackle was.
Zone Option is utilized when the defense forces a give to the B-Back on Triple.
When this happens, the offense makes the defense defend the Quarterback and the Backside A-Back.
Utilize Heavy Zone Option when the defense forces the B-Back give on Triple. Make the defense play the Quarterback when they don’t want to do so.
In 2017, Army West Point had their best season in 22 seasons, and they were based out of two formations–Double Flex and Heavy.
They were aligned in one of these formations, or a combination thereof, 95% of the time in their bowl win versus San Diego State.
Double Flex compresses the Receivers as they are six feet from the Offensive Tackle with their inside foot up. The benefit is that this formation puts the cornerbacks in an automatic run support situation, which is often a better perimeter matchup for the offense. In addition, it eliminates the Playside Receiver and Playside A-Back having to read the Deep Defender and #3. This is because the Corner is now #3 and the Safety is the Deep Defender. If the Safety is in the middle of the field, the Receiver will load and block the Mike to the Free Safety. He has a better angle to load as if the Mike runs over the top, he is two yards wider than the A-Back to wall off the Mike.
The Heavy Formations brings the Backside Tackle to the formation side to create an extra blocker 3.5 feet away from the Formation-side Tackle. Then, the Backside Receiver replaces the Backside Tackle and aligns 3.5 feet away from the Backside Guard in a 3-point stance. At times, Army would utilize a sixth Offensive Lineman as the Backside Tackle. The benefit of utilizing a Receiver is that he is eligible and must be covered in the passing game. In addition, Army would move their Playside A-Back’s alignment to behind the Heavy Tackle in certain situations. This is especially true when they ran the Down (Belly-G) as to give the Playside A-Back a better angle to cancel the Mike.
Often times when Army wants to run the Zone Option, the 3-technique can create penetration.
When this happens, they get into the Heavy Formation.
Then, they run the Down (also known as Belly-G).
This is a gap-scheme concept to control the penetration of the 3-technique when they run off-tackle especially when they don’t get four yards on the give to the B-Back on Triple Option.
Both Tackles block down if there is a threat in their gap. If not, they would veer inside and block the first linebacker that shows. The Playside Guard traps the first threat off the Heavy Tackle.
The B-Back runs through the inside leg of the Heavy Tackle and gets vertical.
This controls the 3-technique when the offense can’t get four yards on the give phase of the Triple Option.
You’re going to want to take notes as Dr. Cella goes through the five situations you must practice when running the Triple Option Offense. Dr. Cella transparently states the concepts for each of the five situations in this podcast.